Introduction: Conspiracy Theories in General
What is a conspiracy theory?
Wikipedia uses this definition; "A conspiracy theory is an explanatory proposition that accuses two or more persons, a group, or an organization of having caused or covered up, through secret planning and deliberate action, an illegal or harmful event or situation".
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term “conspiracy theory” was used for the first time in the 1909 article The American Historical Review. But it wasn’t until after the assassination of President J. F. Kennedy in November 1963 that the expression became widely known, and got the widespread significance it has today.
At the present time there is a fair share of people who believe in one or several of the growing number of conspiracy theories floating out there. It is also of great importance that the Watergate scandal, which unfolded in the early seventies, began as a conspiracy theory that the US government denied over and over again.
As we all know… it turned out that the accusations were true, and there wasn’t a “conspiracy theory” at all. The fact that this scandal had its roots all the way to the top of the government (President Nixon) made the whole concept of conspiracy theories even more credible. There is now a common conception among the “believers” that strong forces in our world are concealing the facts, controlling the news and media, and monitoring the lives of the common man. Did anyone say “paranoia”…?
The scholar Katherine K. Young writes that every real conspiracy features four characteristics; “1) groups, not isolated individuals; 2) illegal or sinister aims, not ones that would benefit society as a whole; 3) orchestrated acts, not a series of spontaneous and haphazard ones; 4) secret planning, not public discussion”. If we use her theory on the Watergate scandal we get it… the model makes sense; 1) the government, 2) illegal bugging, 3) solid preparation by using both FBI and CIA to do the dirty work, 4) secrecy and denial.
theories have an increased attention in the public consciousness, and the
Internet is flooded with websites, blogs and articles on the topic. In the
recent years, it is especially the theories surrounding 9/11 and the Illuminati
(see below) that has gained the primary attention in the media.
Author; Admin ELVIS the ICON / Sources; Wikipedia – “Conspiracy Theory” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conspiracy_theory)
The Top Conspiracy Theories (besides the Elvis Conspiracy)
September 11, 2001
In the recent years the conspiracy theories surrounding the events of 9/11 has received more attention than both the Roswell mystery and the JFK assassination. Despite the fact that the terrorist group Al-Qaeda itself has admitted that they were behind the attacks of the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington, the conspiracy theories has flourished and only grown in strength.
One theory is that the US government had been notified about the attacks prior to 9/11, but did not do any actions to stop them. Another theory is that the Bush-administration deliberately chose to disregard the threats because they needed an excuse to start a war in the Middle East, simply to initiate a new millennium of American hegemony.
Another large group of people who collectively call themselves “The 9/11 Truth Movement” do not believe that any airplane crashed in the Pentagon at all, and that the World Trade Centre could not have collapsed just as a consequence of burning jet fuel. This theory is largely based on video footage showing small smoke clouds (demolition squibs) at lower levels than where the planes hit, before the buildings collapsed. There exist a number of witnesses, including firemen and police officers, who support this theory. Some people also claim that they heard explosions at the basement level both before and after the attacks. They also believe that the US Air Force deliberately conducted an exercise that same day, to prevent a rapid intervention. The official investigation report (“9/11 Commission Report”) are consistently dismissed as false among the conspiracy theorists.
The Assassination of John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy was shot on Friday November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, while he and his wife Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy drove in a motorcade. He was pronounced dead a short time later.
All public reports (including "The Warren Commission" and "The United States House Select Committee on Assassination" - HSCA) concluded that the president had been assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was shot and killed by Jack Ruby while he was in custody. Doubts about the official reports, that Oswald acted alone when he shot Kennedy from the Texas Book Depository, appeared shortly after.
Footage of the motorcade, which was filmed by Abraham Zapruder on 8mm film, supported the suspicion that it might have been fired four shots, not three as it was stated in the Warren Commission report. Based on the footage and testimony of eye witnesses it may look like it was fired one (or several) shots from the other side of the square.
There is still a lot of speculation surrounding this incident and the conspiracy theories have flourished through the years, but none of them has been proven. In 1979 concluded the HSCA report that it most likely was fired at least four shots at the motorcade. However, later reports has questioned HSCA's conclusion. In short ... the conspiracy theories surrounding the assassination of JFK are alive and kicking.
A UFO crashed in Roswell
It was in Roswell it all started almost 70 years ago. Since then, the conspiracy theories surrounding unidentified flying objects (UFOs) and extraterrestrial life (Aliens) has flourished. Fact is that SOMETHING crashed in Roswell, New Mexico, around July 7, 1947. The US authorities announced initially that this was a flying saucer or disc. Many witnesses reported that they had seen metallic waste scattered over a large area, and at least one witness reported seeing a burning object in the sky just before the crash.
The focus on the Roswell incident doesn’t seem to fade, and there are two main reasons for this;
1) The US military has repeatedly changed their version of the story: As mentioned above, the initial explanation was that it was remains of a flying saucer found in Roswell. Later it was officially stated that it was a weather balloon that had crashed. Several decades after the incident, in 1995, a report stated that it was the remnants of a balloon used to detect sound waves from enemy nuclear bombs and missiles.
2) New information: In 1989 the retired pathologist Glenn Dennis claimed that he had in fact attended autopsies of aliens at Roswell Air Force Base. In 2002 Walter Haut, the officer who had prepared the first press release on July 8, 1947, presented a signed statement that he truly saw the bodies of what was apparently aliens. He also admitted that he had been involved in a military cover-up. Haut died in 2005. The last word in the case of Roswell is for sure not yet spoken.
NASA faked the moon landings
There are many who believe that the Apollo 11 lunar landing on July 20, 1969 is a hoax. The conspiracy theory in brief; NASA faked footage, soil samples from the moon surface and the communication between the spacecraft and Mission Control Center in Houston, Texas. The footage was made in a regular movie studio or in a prepared desert landscape suitable for the deception.
The theory is based on some of the following inconsistencies; photographs from the surface which show camera crosshairs partially behind rocks, a flag moving in a strange way, the lack of stars over the lunar landscape and shadows falling in dissimilar directions. Some also state that the landing ship could not possibly have enough engine power to be launched from the moon's gravity.
Why on earth should NASA fake the moon landing? It was important to beat the Russians to the moon!
Illuminati and New World Order
Some people indulging in conspiracy theories believe that there are powerful groups such as the “Illuminati”, who are operating to gain worldwide control (New World Order - NWO).
In short; these people maintain the idea of powerful secret forces standing behind important events throughout history... everything from wars to stock market crashes. The New World Order uses tools such as politics, macro economy, news media and different kind of hidden propaganda to increase their power. One of the main symbols of the NWO is the pyramid on the reverse of the “Great Seal of the United States” (see picture at the top of this page). International organizations such as the World Bank, IMF, EU, UN and NATO are organizations controlled by NWO.
The Jesus conspiracy
The theory that was launched in the bestseller “The Da Vinci Code” authored by Dan Brown, and the Hollywood movie of the same name, got subsequently a lot of attention in the media.
The essence of the theory goes like this; Jesus married Mary Magdalene and they got one or several children together. These children or their descendants immigrated to southern France, where they married noble families that would eventually become the Merovingian dynasty. The ascendants of this family claim the right to the throne of France. Today this claim is backed by a secret society called the Priory of Sion.
Diana, The Princess of Wales was murdered
On August 31, 1997, Princess Diana of Wales and her friend Dodi Fayed died in a much-talked-about car accident in the Pont de l'Alma tunnel in Paris, when they were trying to escape from paparazzi photographers. Despite the fact that an appointed commission concluded that no crime was involved with the accident, the conspiracy theories that Diana actually was murdered have flourished ever since.
In essence, the theory is based on the belief that the British intelligence (MI6) considered Diana's relationship with Fayed as a threat to the monarchy, and therefore a threat to the British government. There is not a shred of evidence that supports this theory.
Author: Admin ELVIS the ICON / Sources: The Telegraph - "History's greatest conspiracy theories" (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/howaboutthat/3477148/The-greatest-conspiracy-theories-in-history.html)